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A powerful antibacterial substance

"A certain type of penicillium produces in culture a powerful antibacterial substance... The active agent is readily filterable and the name 'penicillin' has been given to filtrates of broth cultures of the mould... Penicillin is non-toxic to animals in enormous doses and is non-irritant... It is suggested that it may be an efficient antiseptic for application to, or injection into, areas infected with penicillin-sensitive microbes."

Alexander Fleming, British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 1929

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The best computer programs

"... The best computer programs are the ones in which the computer itself "disappears," in which you work directly on the problem without having to be aware of the computer." Donald Norman. in The Psychology of Everyday Things. -Basic Books, 1988, p. 180.

The "two cultures" of modern society — the sciences and the humanities

“A good many times I have been present at gatherings of people who, by the standards of the traditional culture, are thought highly educated and who have with considerable gusto been expressing their incredulity at the illiteracy of scientists. Once or twice I have been provoked and have asked the company how many of them could describe the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The response was cold: it was also negative. Yet I was asking something which is about the scientific equivalent of: 'Have you read a work of Shakespeare's?' I now believe that if I had asked an even simpler question — such as, What do you mean by mass, or acceleration, which is the scientific equivalent of saying, 'Can you read?' — not more than one in ten of the highly educated would have felt that I was speaking the same language. So the great edifice of modern physics goes up, and the majority of the cleverest people in the western world have about as much insight into it as their Neolithi